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Alien Mind 10 Jul 2024 ◦ 8 min read

Could BTC-ETH flippening ever happen?

Could BTC-ETH flippening ever happen?

Cryptocurrency enthusiasts love to speculate about the future, especially when it comes to Bitcoin and Ethereum. Bitcoin has always been viewed as an undisrupted leader in the crypto world, but could Ethereum one day take its crown? The term “flippenning” refers to a hypothetical scenario where another crypto, in this case, Ethereum, surpasses Bitcoin in market capitalization. We'll examine the history, compare their market sizes, and consider what factors could influence such a monumental shift.

Historical context

Bitcoin started it all back in 2009, introduced by Satoshi Nakamoto. It brought a revolution — a digital currency that promised freedom from traditional banking systems. People were fascinated by the idea of a decentralized money system where transactions could be secure and private. Bitcoin's limited supply of 21 million coins and its robust security made it stand out, earning it a reputation as digital gold.

In 2015, Ethereum arrived with a different vision, led by Vitalik Buterin. Instead of just currency, Ethereum introduced smart contracts—self-executing contracts that could automate agreements without intermediaries. It allowed developers to create decentralized applications (dApps) for everything from finance to gaming, using Ethereum as their playground.

Despite Ethereum's versatility and rapid adoption in various sectors like decentralized finance (DeFi) and non-fungible tokens (NFTs), Bitcoin has always held the crown regarding market value. Its status as a reliable store of value, akin to digital gold, has attracted both everyday users and big institutional investors seeking stability in an uncertain financial world.

These two cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin and Ethereum, represent not just technologies but philosophies—Bitcoin emphasizes security and scarcity, and Ethereum focuses on innovation and programmability. Their journeys reflect the ongoing evolution of digital finance and the growing impact of blockchain on how we interact with money and contracts. 

Market capitalization comparison

Currently, Bitcoin leads the pack with the highest market capitalization in the cryptocurrency world, often setting the standard for others. Ethereum isn't far behind, known for its vibrant ecosystem of decentralized applications (dApps) and its impressive role in the growth of decentralized finance (DeFi). The gap between their market values fluctuates, influenced by a range of factors that shape investor sentiment and market dynamics.

Factors influencing BTC market cap

There are several factors that affect the growth of the Bitcoin capitalization:

  • Limited Supply: With only 21 million coins ever to be mined, Bitcoin's scarcity is a big part of its appeal. People often liken it to digital gold—a rare, precious asset that holds value.
  • Institutional Interest: Big investors and companies are putting funds into Bitcoin, viewing it as a hedge against economic crises. This institutional backing adds a layer of perceived value and stability to Bitcoin’s market cap.
  • Security and Trust: Bitcoin's robust network and mining infrastructure have proven reliable over the years, making it a trusted choice for long-term investors seeking a secure asset.

Factors influencing ETH market cap

Ethereum’s market cap story is different and equally compelling:

  • Utility and Innovation: Ethereum's capability to host smart contracts and dApps makes it a favorite among developers and users. It’s like the Swiss Army knife of blockchain, offering tools for building all sorts of decentralized applications and exploring new financial tools.
  • DeFi and NFTs: The explosion of DeFi projects and non-fungible tokens (NFTs) has driven up demand for Ethereum. It’s not just a digital currency; it’s a platform for innovation, transforming industries from finance to art.
  • Upgraded infastructure: Ethereum 2.0, has significantly improved the platform’s speed and energy efficiency. These upgrades have made Ethereum even more attractive to users and developers, boosting its market cap and overall appeal.

Both Bitcoin and Ethereum have unique strengths that add up to their positions in the market. Bitcoin’s stability and security make it a reliable store of value, while Ethereum’s flexibility and innovation drive its utility and growth. As we continue to watch these two giants evolve, the factors influencing their market caps will make a difference in shaping the future of cryptocurrency.

Current situations, trends, and sentiment

Bitcoin still boasts a staggering market capitalization of $1,208.06 billion USD, firmly holding its place as the top cryptocurrency. Ethereum, while trailing behind, has a market cap of $404.91 billion USD, which is almost 3 times less than Bitcoin. 

Ethereum's diverse use cases—including decentralized exchanges, DAOs, meme coins, NFTs, stablecoins, DeFi, and GameFi—contrast with Bitcoin's traditional role in simple transactions. However, this changed with the introduction of Ordinals in January, allowing unique data to be inscribed on Bitcoin, and creating digital collectibles.

Ordinals immediately attracted lots of attention, with transactions now making up about one-third to one-half of all Bitcoin transactions. This has increased demand for block space and driven up transaction fees. At peak times, medium-priority Bitcoin transactions cost around $11 compared to $2.30 on Ethereum.

However, according to the latest updates, Ethereum’s market dominance has dropped from 17.8% to 15.8% following the upgrade. Additionally, the ETH/BTC trading pair has been in a downtrend since September 2022.

The market sentiment aligns with this preference; for example, Ethereum ETFs in Hong Kong have attracted only 15% of the inflows compared to Bitcoin ETFs, indicating limited investor interest in Ethereum.

The regulatory landscape poses additional challenges for Ethereum. Recent SEC actions against exchanges like Kraken and Coinbase have left Ethereum’s status as a security unclear. This uncertainty is expected to lead to the SEC denying Ethereum ETFs, adding to the regulatory hurdles.

Financial indicators also highlight Ethereum's struggles. The concept of “ultrasound money” has not gained traction with investors as expected. Moreover, Ethereum’s total value locked (TVL) in protocols is significantly lower than at its peak, with most of it concentrated on staking and restaking activities.

Future outlook

Could Ethereum really surpass Bitcoin one day? Theoretically, it's possible, depending on:

  • Technological Advances: Ethereum's ongoing upgrades could make it more scalable and user-friendly, potentially attracting more developers and investors.
  • Regulatory Clarity: Clear regulations could either support or hinder the growth of both cryptocurrencies, affecting their market positions.
  • Market Dynamics: Changing investor preferences and broader economic trends could favor Ethereum's utility-driven approach over Bitcoin's store of value narrative.

But at the current point limited investor interest in Ethereum ETFs, regulatory challenges, and Ethereum’s struggles with high transaction costs and scalability issues all pose significant challenges. Additionally, Ethereum has lost ground in the stablecoin market to Tron, which offers lower transaction costs.


While Bitcoin's dominance remains strong with its significant market cap and increasing use cases through Ordinals, Ethereum faces challenges in maintaining its market share and addressing regulatory uncertainties. Despite its innovative edge and diverse ecosystem, Ethereum's recent market performance, decreasing dominance, and competitive pressures highlight the complexities of the crypto landscape. The future of Bitcoin and Ethereum will depend on how they move through these challenges and continue to innovate in a rapidly evolving market.

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